Trains are turned at outlying yards (where turnback tracks are expressly provided), minimizing conflicting movements. After departure, Taipei is Taiwan's capital and ultimate destination for TRA's mainlines. Stationmasters regulate trains by enforcing correct train sequences and departure times; holding to time is actually a legal requirement. With the exception of the Ordinary services (see below), all trains are modern and air conditioned. Like in Continental Europe, automated onboard announcements are multilingual. Later phases completed the four track mainline tunnels, relocated yards to permit transit-oriented development (TOD), and provided a corridor for a much-needed crosstown expressway (Civic Boulevard). Retrieved from, User e88111 from Kaohsiung. The Japanese planned Taipei's railway tunnel prior to WWII. Through track serves the stationhouse at major stations, where most expresses stop. Soon after the cession the Governor-General of Taiwan established a plan, with approbation of the Diet, to build a standard Japanese gauge railway connecting Takao with Kīrun at the expense of 28.800.000 yen. Uncategorized December 2, 2020 Leave a comment December 2, 2020 Leave a comment Supports the following languages: - Traditional Mandarin - English - Korean - Dutch - Spanish - German - French - Armenian - Russian More languages coming soon!  Because the railway was completely rebuilt and substantially expanded under the Taiwan Governor-General Railways (zh) operated by Formosa's Japanese colonial government (1895-1945), the network's Japanese influence and heritage persists. TRA’s maximum commercial speed is 130 km/h (81 mph) whereas HSR operates up to 300 km/h (187 mph). 95% of people prefer to travel by car while visiting Taiwan Railway Administration Attractions normally visited before or after visiting Taiwan Railway Administration People normally club together Hualien Station and 自強夜市 while planning their visit to Taiwan Railway Administration. Additionally, several new stations have been added in major metropolitan areas, and local commuter service increased. Large acrylic signboards show departure times and fares at smaller stations. Large signs (legible from passing trains) indicate station names, and distances to previous/next stations, for use by passengers and crew. TRA takes a holistic and comprehensive approach towards passenger information. 10-0487. Reddy, Alla, A. Lu, and T. Wang. In addition, these Chu-kuang saw introduction of TRA's first disability-accessible coach, the FPK11300 type. Taiwan Railway Information Taiwan Railway Administration Railway Reconstruction Bureau, Taiwan Ministry of Transportation and Communication. In addition to these, new lines were constructed from Taihoku to Tansui, and from Takao to Shin'ei via Tainan-fu, which gives us a total of ninety-three miles of rail. Taiwan Ministry of Transportation and Communication, TRA Tourism Express Travel Guide (Map), Taipei, 2009. You'll get 5 days of unlimited travel on Taiwan Rail services with 2 days designated for Taiwan High Speed Rail travel. Search for: taiwan railway administration route map. In The Vital Role of Metropolitan Access in Commuter, Regional, Intercity and Overnight Rail Passenger Transportation – and Its Relationship to Technology.  Three mainlines form a complete circle around the island. Classically, lighted acrylic destination signboards are manually changed at terminals. To maximize passenger throughput, separate ticket windows provide train information, today's tickets, and advance or commutation tickets. The Kīrun-Taihoku branch was completely reconstructed as so to avoid the numerous short curves and the steep grades. Connections generate benefits for both modes and catalyze development near HSR stations, much as Interstate interchanges attracted economic activity. In unusual situations, conductors can usually make announcements in at least two languages. Under the Railway Bureau, many projects have been undertaken to modernise the railway system and improve its efficiency. On February 3, 1970, Chu-kuang service was initiated with Trains #1011 through #1014 on the West Coast line between Taipei and Taichung, hauled by EMD G22 class diesels (TRA classification R100 class). During the 2000s, TRA incrementally replaced older thermal ticket printers with automated fare collection (AFC) devices using magnetic-backed stock. Secondly, travelers could only pick seven stops to get off and visit. Passengers standing in yellow danger zones are asked to step back. , Railway services between Keelung and Hsinchu began in 1891 under China's Qing Dynasty. The position's multidisciplinary nature is reflected in Asian terms for "conductor" – Chinese: 列車長 (Mandarin lieh che jhang), 車長 (Cantonese ce1zoeng2), or Japanese: 車掌; shashō, still informally used on TRA) – which translates to "consist manager" or "train handler." First, holders of the pass must either travel in the clockwise or anti-clockwise direction without traveling backwards. Ministry of Transportation and Communication, Taiwan Railways Administration, Accounting Office. neighbourhoods without long hackney rides or backtracking. Staffing costs, pension benefits, capital debt, changing demographics, highway competition, and low fare policies resulted in accumulated deficits nearing US$3.3 billion. Delays as short as one minute are posted. To accommodate suburban commuters, and to serve passengers traveling to/from suburban business districts, Taipei was envisioned as a through station, allowing West coast trains to operate to Taipei's eastern suburbs, and vice versa. Validations are fast and can be "pipelined" or "stacked" (i.e. Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA; www.railway.gov.tw) has an extensive system running along both the east and west coasts. Useful, user-friendly English website, including routes and schedules: This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 03:27. Like New York's Penn Station project, which buried 5.5 route-miles between North Bergen, N.J. and Hunterspoint, Queens by 1908, Taipei Main Station catalyzed urban redevelopment.  The project cost NT$2.779 billion, began in February 2004, and was completed by the end of 2008. Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Ministry of Transportation and Communication, computerized ticketing and reservation system, "Creative marketing gives Taiwan railway new life: official", "Sumitomo and Nippon Sharyo wins train sets supply deal in Taiwan", "New train inaugurated for southern Taiwan", "Steam railway makes nostalgic return on mountain line", "Hsinchu's Neiwan line steams back to life", "Puyuma train launch carries hopes of East Coast travelers", "Taitung to be destination for Puyuma by year-end", "High-speed commuter train begins, travels 130kph", "Center City Commuter Connection (Commuter Tunnel)", "Magic touch? 2001: Various special trains targeting tourists are offered. Retrieved from.  After the issue of TR General Pass in 2010, this pass ceased to be issued.  TRA's estimated farebox recovery ratio (including freight operations) is ~40%. Classic-based EasyCard are already installed at convenience stores like Family Mart. TRA's passenger fares are highly regulated and strictly distance/train-class based (short trips <6.3 miles require 34~73 cents minimum fare.) Ticket windows at busy stations can be dynamically switched between different functions, minimizing daily ticket queues. Rail News Speed Report. Like JNR and U.S. transit authorities, interest payments on long-term debt represents a significant burden for TRA. The line was about 100 kilometres (62 mi) in length but in a poor condition when the Japanese arrived: Accordingly work was commenced on the line at once. In Nameless Station (Blog), December 17, 2008. Parts of TRA's Neiwan line were electrified and rebuilt as a modern commuter railroad, costing US$280 million to connect Hsinchu's historic downtown with the HSR. At minor stations, mainline serves the island platform; locals serve the stationhouse while waiting for overtaking expresses. The first Taiwanese railway was completed during the Qing era in 1893. Bureau of Taiwan High Speed Rail, Ministry of Transportation and Communication. To support metropolitan growth, Banqiao yard moved west to Shulin, and Nankang yard east to Qidu during the mid-2000s, extending through operations to approximately 10 miles either side. Completed in 1989 and costing US$600 million, it replaced the historic Japanese-era Taihoku-eki (臺北駅) and Hwashan yard, eliminated grade crossings in Taipei's congested Wanhua District, providing operating efficiencies. Tickets can also be bought at convenience stores (at 7-Elevens) or online. Fares are generally competitive with private commuter and express trains, but not Tarokos, sightseeing specials, nor in business class. As expresses are often sold out, EasyCard offers de facto standee discounts. About ½-minute prior to departure, stationmasters sound platform bells to signal impending departure. 2008 annual passenger ridership was 179 million (incurring 5.45 billion passenger-miles), generating US$434 million in revenue. Taiwan South-North High Speed Railway – Introduction to Mechanical and Electrical Systems Engineering. Volunteers, like America's auxiliary police and volunteer firefighters, include carefully selected and specifically trained members of the public, and retired industry personnel. Recent modernization efforts provided exterior LED displays showing destination, route, train number, and class. The Japanese soon discovered the rich forests of precious trees in Alishan. Close proximity of sidings allow TRA to squeeze 5~6 tph (both directions, mixed traffic) out of single-tracks.. Periodic (limited-ride) commutation The last mentioned is for East Coast line rolling stock. TRA accepts metro farecards within metropolitan Taipei. In 2018, the route length of railway tracks across Taiwan totaled approximately 1.84 thousand kilometers, an increase from the previous year. Limited container services operate between the port of Hualien and suburban Taipei, but loading gauge restrictions preclude piggyback operations. Banqiao, Taiwan, 2008. Taipei Bus Station Opens Amid Fears of Heavy Traffic.  In 1895, the Qing Empire ceded Formosa (Taiwan) to the Empire of Japan after the First Sino-Japanese War. Vantuono, William C. Reconquering Gotham. Many of the Ordinary train carriages, on the other hand, are almost 40 to 50 years old. Although TRA is one of many passenger transport operators, its infrastructure allows multiple and convenient connections between modes. Retrieved from, Kirby, Matthew and P. Holmes. Taipei metro shows substantial integration with the network, reflecting Taipei's close municipal central government relationship. As Japan's southern base during WWII, Taiwan's railways suffered significant damage by Allied air raids. Newer trains feature automated display/announcement systems with high-density dot-matrix LEDs like Taipei's metro. Passengers must first insert coins (amount deposited is displayed), then press numerous lighted buttons sequentially to specify traveller count, train class, single/return/concessionary, and destination. double island platforms and full crossovers are provided.  Commuter trains carry 76% of riders (43% of passenger miles). As trains approach, they hand-signal drivers. Station management has considerable latitude in determining work scope of volunteers..  Similarities between the TRA and the Japan Railways (JR) companies can be noted in signal aspects, signage, track layout, fare controls, station architecture, and operating procedures. TRA first offered the Student Pass to foreign students in December 2006 in order to attract more foreign visitors. Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA) , is a railway operator in Taiwan. That is not the case with HSR trains, which have a similar atmosphere of Japanese or European high speed trains. Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation, Taipei, 2009. Close proximity of sidings mean unscheduled holds are likely short, usually less than 5 minutes. Although TRA’s long-distance services potentially competes with HSR, Taiwan’s HSR is focused on origin-destination markets over 100 miles like Taipei-Taichung (HSR – 50 minutes; TRA – 110 minutes), whereas TRA serves shorter-haul trips like Taipei-Hsinchu (35 versus 60 minutes). Most TRA stations feature staffed ticket offices, supplemented by ticket vending machines (TVMs) at busy locations. Fare evasion rates are thought to be low. Finally, parallel to the Student Pass, a General Pass, which could be used by everyone, was issued in 2010, so as to replace the ineffective "Round-the Island Pass" (環島週遊票), which had been offered since 1998. Tickets can be inserted in any orientation. Announcements are in four major languages (Mandarin, Taiwanese, Hakka, and English). The Official Japanese Annual Report of 1935 states (under title Colonial Railways Section II Taiwan): It was not until the cession of the Island of Taiwan (Formosa) from the Chinese Government to Japan that the island began to enjoy railway facilities, for prior that time the only railroad existing was a small light railway between Kīrun and Shinchiku built at the time of the Qing Dynasty of China. It is an agency of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, responsible for managing, maintaining, and running conventional passenger and freight railway services on 1097 km of track in Taiwan. Transportation Research Board 2011 Annual Meeting. In most routes traveling by train in Taiwan is a relatively smooth experience. Extra trains and cars are added on peak travel days to accommodate holiday traffic. Like Philadelphia's Center City Tunnel, through-running reduces platform occupancy times, maximizes one-seat rides, and distributes passengers over multiple stations, reducing crowding. Three major competitors hold regional subway/bus fare collection franchises (Taipei's "Youyoka" EasyCard, Mid-Island's Taiwan Easy Go "TaiwanTong", and Kaohsiung's "I Pass"), and TRA has active pilots with both EasyCard and TaiwanTong. Smartcard holders can travel on regular local and The US$14.5 billion standard gauge high-speed rail (HSR) line was built and operated by a separate public-private partnership under a 35-year concession,[deprecated source] but TRA provides feeder services to HSR terminals.  It included the construction of the elevated Dongshan Station as well as two branch lines. (compared to ~50% at New York's Grand Central); 98% of scheduled trains run through (~4% at Penn Station). Taiwan Railways Volunteer (Poem). Stationhouses are usually on the northbound side (up direction, to Taipei), where originating passengers are voluminous. Explosive growth since 1980 made Taipei a 10-million population metropolis sprawled over four counties. The first Chu-kuang Expresses in the 1970s used a variety of different vehicles; although the models vary, but the body are universally white with blue line, with one door per side, and in the interior there are carpets and velvet sofa seats. requiring "fare adjustments") are assessed 50% penalties, giving passengers incentives to find conductors on board to purchase step-up fares. Typhoon Parma Impacts.  The first phase of the project is expected to be completed by the end of 2013 and will cut travel time between Taipei and Taitung down by about 1.5 hours. MIT Thesis, Cambridge, Mass., 2003. Field format error. Buttons light up only when adequate coins are inserted. 1948: Taiwan Railways Administration established. We do that for you, just think about you will do during the train ride. Annual Report 2008.  The section between Badu (in Keelung) and Taitung was improved by changing to 50 kg rail, automating traffic signals, and including portions of double tracks. The Imperial Taiwan Government Railway manages three workshops in the Island viz. Banqiao, Taiwan, January 15, 2010. Express fares are 11.7 cents (per passenger-mile); locals are 5.5 cents. These more complex machines, functionally similar to Amtrak's Quik-Trak, are available at principal West coast stations. Train attendants offer bento boxes, drinks, souvenirs, and Sun Cakes (traditional gifts for visiting friends) from small carts. Its boxed lunches remain the company's most popular product with sales totaling NT$320 million (US$10.8 million) in 2010 (around 5% of its annual revenue). Bureau of Taiwan High Speed Rail, Ministry of Transportation and Communication. Passenger service discontinued in 1991, completely closed in 2002. 客服電話（一般服務諮詢及旅客申訴）：0800-765-888（限市話）02-2191-0096（市話、手機） 24小時緊急通報電話：0800-800-333（僅限發現軌道、平交道、橋樑及隧道等有障礙物之通報專用） TRA riders span the full gamut including lower-income (students, young adults) and minorities (Hakka, Taiwanese aborigines) but also choice riders (vacationing families, foreign tourists, monthly commuters). Some stations in single-track territory feature three passing tracks, allowing freight or other equipment to be stowed while opposing passenger trains pass one another. Double-tracking frequently requires construction of parallel single-track railroads or bypass tunnels on new alignments. Joint transportation and land-use planning make railway projects effective land-development tools.  Within Taipei municipal zone, single trips are 58 cents regardless of distance/class. Rd., Jhongjheng District, Taipei City 100, Taiwan (R.O.C. TRA uses a variety of railway vehicles to provide both freight and passenger service. Unlike JR East and Hong Kong's Mass Transit Railway, revenues from ancillary businesses accounts for only 17.8% of TRA's revenues. 1899: Work started on the southern line from, 1900: The Keelung and Hsinchu lines were repaired. Taiwan North-South High Speed Railway Plan (Unpublished Presentation). Retrieved from. This is a transit-oriented version of Beltway success stories played out across 1980s America. Retrieved from, Mo, Yan-Chih. , Since Taiwan is heavily urbanised with a high population density, railways have played an important part in domestic transportation since the late 19th century. The railway climbs from 30 meters above sea level to 2,216 meters, has 47 tunnels and 72 bridges, and passes through a cross-section of climates and terrain types. 6~8% more departures are scheduled on Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays. They have overall responsibility for smooth onboard operations and customer experience, actively directing cleaners, attendants, even bento vendors. Smartcard development in Taiwan is currently fluid. The high-speed rail line is not run by TRA, and is also a major source of competition. Taiwan Railway Company LTD. “How One” Taiwan Travel Passport (Taiwan Railways Administration Passenger Schedule), Version 9.  Commuter rail connects HSR with established provincial downtowns, solving “last mile” problems. layover access and easy multiple-unit (MU) reversals. Besides single ticket, TRA has also been offering various types of rail pass, with which travelers can ride on trains without buying single tickets. Planning for TRA's restructuring had been underway since 2000. TRA has recently installed advanced signalling on the northernmost portion of the West Coast line around Taipei, and has performed extensive capacity analysis to maximize train throughputs. )(Zip Code100230), The optimal resolution 1280 x 1024, suggest to use Chrome, FireFox, Edge, Safari.  Customers understand the system, and aren't surprised when lower priority trains are held, allowing others to pass. Starting with a direct route from Keelung to Hsinchu in the early 1890’s, the railway has expanded heavily during the Japanese colonization in the early 20th century. Retrieved from. Elderly passengers are common, but wheelchair passengers are rare; not all stations are handicap accessible and not all rolling stock are level-boarding. Park, Exhibition Centre, and Xike's Science Park were developed around this time. With around 13,500 employees (4,700 in transportation and 7,700 in maintenance titles), TRA is a government organisation under Taiwan's Ministry of Transportation and Communication (MOTC) that directly operates 682 route miles of 3’6” (1,067 mm) gauge railways. Train numbers are especially important on expresses, helping customers identify seat reservations. Development of Analytical Capacity Models for Commuter Rail Operations with Advanced Signaling Systems. Premium-fare expresses, like Tze-Chiang, have highest priority and almost never take sidings. Busy stations have faregates to speed up validation. Machines need only electricity (not network connections) and staff to replace ticket stock, remove coins, and clear jams. HSR serves Taipei, Banqiao, and Nangang TRA interchanges via shared corridors. Like the CREATE (Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency) plan, through-running allows yards and freight facilities to move from center city (Hwashan, Songshan) to suburbs (Shulin, Qidu), with cheaper land and better highway access. 2010: The Former Mountain line is reopened to steam trains on special occasions. Only ~20% of passenger trips originated/terminated at Taipei Main Station There are mainly two kinds: one is the high speed trains as fast as 186 mph (300 km/h) running along the western coast of the island; the other is the round island trains with the highest speed of about 95 mph (152 km/h). What is the Taipei MRT? unforeseen delays and out-of-sequence trains by dynamically utilizing available infrastructure. This 429.3 mile (690.7 km) line now forms the trunk line in the island communication system. Like soda machines, they are robust, self-contained, and have been deployed to remote locations. 1898: Local island government announces its intention of carrying on the work itself. 1940–1945: The railways are repeatedly bombed by the. In the 1990s, east coast trains terminated at Banqiao; WCML trains terminated at Nankang/Keelung. Answer 1 of 6: Hi can somebody explain the taiwan railway network to me? In Railway Age, April 2010. The Taiwan Railway Train Administration (depicted by the acronym “TRA”) has played a heavy role in domestic transportation since the late 19th century.. Taiwan Railway Administration High-Speed Network. Platform LED displays provide next train identity, departure time, delay information, and context-sensitive Their main impetus was the major Chung-Hwa Road (Route 1) trunk highway crossing. Banqiao, Taiwan, August 2008. Taiwan Railways Alignment and Station Maps. The line leading from Taihoku to the south received also some attention, the total cost of these improvements reaching nearly two million yen. One is the perennial TRA (Taiwan Railway Administration), which operates almost every part on the island. signalling, overrun protection, and centralized traffic control (CTC). Donggang line (東港線): Zhenan, Pingtung County – Donggang, Pingtung County. Platforms between siding and mainline In years past, an extensive shipper-owned light railway network (762 mm gauge, never operated by TRA) handled freight services throughout Taiwan and once boasted 1,800 route miles. Fares were set at three times the per-mile cost of ordinary local service, as much as NT$117 for certain origin-destination pairs. Wherever you go, the cultural kaleidoscope of Taipei showcases exhilarating diversity. Please re-enter the information, Station Automatic Storage Lockers Storage Service, TRA Launches Early Bird Discount Scheme for 45 Express Trains, New TRA Commuter Trains EMU900 are expected to increase transport capacity, National Science And \n Technology Museum, Address : No.3, Beiping W. Passenger counting sensors quickly close gates when as many passengers entered as valid tickets processed. TRA's tickets were printed on traditional Edmondson presses until Japan's NEC supplied a computerized ticketing and reservation system in the late 1980s. When trains are late, bell is given sooner, shortening dwell times. Earlier button presses constrain subsequent choices: destinations for which insufficient fares were paid (in selected train class) do not activate and have no effect. WCML carries >90% of ridership. In 1895, the Treaty of Shimonoseki (馬關條約) was signed and followed by the Japanese rule of Taiwan. 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