III. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Remember we won’t change any of the notes. But, imagine a world without minor keys. V. VI / XIII. The guitar major scale is happy upbeat and useful in a variety of styles of music. an A natural minor scale contains the same notes as a C major scale, a D natural minor scale contains the same notes as an F major scale, etc.). The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). For example: The relative minor of C major is A (C major > A minor), The relative major of A minor is C (A minor > C major). The diagrams below show the minor triad forms used on different groups of strings. Building the Minor Scale. With this I mean that the order in which the major and minor chords appear is always the same. The A Minor scale are connected to the key of A Minor, they contain same notes. It has every chromatic note except the ♭9, #5 and M7! Change tuning. This is also the root note fret position for the A minor pentatonic scale. For those of you who are already familiar with the concept—or have little interest in music theory beyond this basic idea—we’ll move steadily forward. These are the scales that we’ll cover: 1. In fact the minor scale is relative to the major scale. A Minor is sometimes written as Am in shortened form. Next, we’ll do the same thing one octave higher, on the 3rd string. We'll get to that later on. Melodic minor scales are found in tons of guitar music, especially in the virtuosic guitar solos commonly heard in … In the Key of C, B is the leading note because it is the note before C. Look at the chart below. How to play a A Minor chord on the guitar. The 14 Most Common and Usable Guitar Scales Printable and Ready to use 1. But since we are in the harmonic minor scale, the 7th note of the scale (in C minor scale, it is the Bb), is raised by one semitone, so it is now B natural. C Major Scale The information in this lesson is essential to acquiring a command over the guitar neck. Perfect 8th: A (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the A natural minor scale. There is a method that’s used for understanding the fretboard called the CAGED system. All of the above-mentioned tunes are in minor keys; but, they all convey different sets of emotions—they’re not tearjerkers and let-me-slit-my-wrists-and-get-it-over-with songs. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Pentatonic scales, on the other hand, only use five notes. Ed Lozano is a professional guitarist, instructor, producer and published author. The harmonic minor scale is exactly like the natural minor scale except that in this scale, you’ll raise the 7th note in the scale by a half-step (one fret). Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns, Author: Lee Nichols Creator of www.guitar-chords.or.uk, Like GPS for your guitar! It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. The notes of this scale are C, D, Eb, F, G, A, and B. I encourage you to check out my “The Major Scale” article for more information on The Musical Alphabet, Steps and Intervals, and other terms that you may be unfamiliar with. And as Tim points out this will necessarily create a mix of flats and sharps in those scales. A minor scale typically has a dark, incomplete, sad sound to it. It would be the same sound and, after a while, it would get quite boring. Imagine a world where you only feel happy emotions. Scale - Pentatonic Minor 1,b3,4,5,b7 FULL-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E Scale - Harmonic Minor 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7 5-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E Building the Minor Scale. In written music, relative major and minor keys actually share the same key signature. List of All Minor Scale Notes. Chords that Resolve Directly to the Tonic. In this lesson we’re going to be focusing on one of the most popular guitar scales, the A minor pentatonic scale. List of All Natural Minor Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Majors. This is handy to know because it gives us two main positions to solo in. In a recent article, “Beginner’s Guide to the Minor Scale,” I wrote about the natural minor scale, the theory behind the scale, reviewed the major/minor relationship, covered the minor scale formula and introduced 5 must-know patterns. Copyright text 2016 by Revo Guitar Straps. This formula can be applied to any note and by using the W H W W H W W formula, you can create a natural minor scale. ; Put your 2nd finger on the 2nd fret of the 4th string. The relative minor scale is widely used in improvisation because it allows more ideas for the solo. Here's a chart with the most used scales. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. The natural minor scale can be played in 5 different positions just like the major scale, the pentatonic scale and all the other scales. The chords associated with the A minor scale are A minor, B diminished, C major, D minor, E minor, F major, G major. This time we begin on the 3rd string, 2nd fret: Whole step between A and B (3rd string, 2nd to the 4th fret), Half step between B and C (3rd string, 4th fret to the 5th fret), Whole step between C and D (3rd string, 5th to the 7th fret), Whole step between D and E (3rd string, 7th to the 9th fret), Half step between E and F (3rd string, 9th to the 10th fret), Whole step between F and G (3rd string, 10th to the 12th fret), Whole step between G and A (3rd string, 12th to the 14th fret). Put your 1st finger on the 1st fret of the 2nd string. Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback, Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard, If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. This scale is sometimes referred to as the “sweet-sounding” minor scale. This post is a companion to that “Beginner’s Guide...” piece. In our article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,” I discuss the relationship between major and minor scales. I. II / IX. Thanks for reading. Building and Playing the Minor Scale on Guitar. Have a look at my guide on the Harmonized Major Scale. Shapes. Scale. Am Chord Structure Notes: A C E Interval structure: R m3 5 Chord construction: R = A A + minor interval = C (scale degree = minor 3rd) C + major interval = E (scale degree = 5th) Am on other instruments Am piano Am guitar Am ukulele Am mandolin A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step. IV / XI. There is no ‘normal’ scale made up of white notes and a single G#, like the A Harmonic minor. Melodic minor scales . A Minor Pentatonic Scale – Pattern 1. Every improviser who has learned how to use the major and minor scales must learn, right after that, how to use the relative minor scale.. A Minor Pentatonic Scale Tabs: 5th Position. Other variations of the minor scale are: I hope that you continue your journey and I appreciate you taking a moment and checking out this article. Begin by memorizing these patterns. So, when we say minor, natural minor is understood. A Natural Minor Scale: Note Information And Scale Diagrams For Guitarists. You should try doing this with the C Major scale (which contains all the same notes as the A minor scale). In this free ultimate guide you will learn: 2 quick and easy tips that will make you learn scales at … Patrick MacFarlane Resources. Note: Since the major and the minor pentatonic scale have the same notes as their respective major and minor scale, (having two notes less, none of which are the 1st, 3rd or 5th) their relationship to the major and the minor chord is exactly the same as that of their respective major and minor scale. The 6 Most Commonly Used Guitar Scales. The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. The natural minor scale is the next logical step after understanding and applying the major scale. I know that many people feel that being happy all of the time seems like a good idea. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. Musical Application. Think of a major scale, for example, the C major scale. Minor 6th: F is the 6th note of the scale. I encourage you to continue your exploration. Here's a list of all minor scales in order of fifths. A natural minor scale notes: A B C D E F G; Natural minor key chord sequence: min dim maj min min maj maj C Natural Minor C# Natural Minor (Db) D Natural Minor D# Natural Minor (Eb) E Natural Minor F Natural Minor F# Natural Minor (Gb) G Natural Minor G# Natural Minor (Ab) A Natural Minor A# Natural Minor (Bb) B Natural Minor. The Minor Scale (Aeolian) scale is composed of the Root, Major Second, Minor Third, Perfect Fourth, Perfect Fifth, Minor Sixth, and Minor Seventh. In other words, every note in the scale is associated with a chord. The Harmonic Minor Scale is slightly different from a major scale, a natural minor scale and a mode, as it doesn’t natural exist in terms of the piano white notes. So, here’s the rule: Every major scale has a minor scale that is related to it. In the minor scale, we can find the relative major in the third note of the scale. Printable Guitar Major Scale Chart. by Tommaso Zillio. Minor 3rd: C is the 3rd note of the scale. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). [ad name=”Google Adsense Lge Rec”] A Natural Minor Scale Guitar TAB - 2 Octave. -  Designed by Thrive Themes | Powered by WordPress, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,”, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes”, 50 Easy Guitar Solos That Every Player Should Know, Minor Scale Chords – The Ultimate Reference Guide For All Guitarists, Guitar Pedalboard Order – Tips on Chaining Your Effects Pedals, Jazz Chord Progressions – Intro Lesson For All Guitarists, The Beginner’s Guide To The Minor Scale Chords For Guitar. The A Minor chord, which forms the root of the A Minor scale, is made up of the notes A, C, and E— the first, third, and fifth notes of the key of A. Roman numerals indicate each chord's position relative to the scale. The notes in the C Minor Scale (Aeolian) scale are C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, and Bb Learn how to play the Melodic Minor guitar scale with guitar tabs and neck diagrams all along the fretboard. Each link will take you to a new page that shows you several fretboard patterns (4 notes box and 3 notes per string) for playing the scale. How To Play Major And Minor Guitar Scales. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. He is a graduate of Berklee College of Music and lives in the Andes mountains. We’re going to begin by looking at the A minor pentatonic scale. The natural 6th degree creates a minor sound that’s not quite as dark as the natural minor scale. Complete Guitar Scales Chart. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. Play the notes in the number order shown below. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. They use the EXACT same notes, the minor pentatonic scale simply uses less. The notes are A - C - D - … In our article, “Learning the Fretboard – Quick Guide to The Guitar’s Fretboard Notes,” I discuss the relationship between major and minor scales. play notes… JGuitar's scale calculator will draw scale diagrams showing the fretboard with notes in the selected scale highlighted. The following songs wouldn’t exist: While My Guitar Gently Weeps (The Beatles), All Along the Watchtower (Bob Dylan/Jimi Hendrix). It produces two types of tonalities — major and minor and is one of the most commonly used scales in blues, pop and rock. Adjust the "start fret" option to further highlight a finger pattern for playing the selected scale in a different position on the fretboard. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. They, too, are relative major and minor chords and scales. If you spell out a major scale then the 6th degree can be used as the relative minor (more about this in the next section). And, the inverse is also true, every minor scale has a major scale that’s related to it. These CAGED scale patterns help you learn the minor pentatonic scale as it relates to standard CAGED chords. [ May 18, 2018 ] How Do I Learn Chord Progressions Guest Lessons [ March 30, 2017 ] AP-013 What are your Favorite Exotic Chords? Like the major scale we can also build 7 chords of the minor scale. Natural minor scales contain the same notes as the major scales with tonic notes a minor third higher (e.g. So, how do we find the relative minor of the major scale. They, too, are relative major and minor chords and scales. In the major scale, we can find the relative minor in the sixth note of the scale. A pentatonic scale is a 5 note scale which can be used to create solos and melodies. Unlike other scales, which often have seven or more notes, the pentatonic scale consists of just five notes. This is also only one of the minor scale sounds. This means key signatures don’t lend themselves to its existence, as they have a raised seventh which introduces the all-important augmented second interval and creates a leading tone. Let’s play the lower octave version of the A minor pentatonic scale, beginning on the low E string (the one closest to you, if you’re looking down at your guitar). The next step is to play the natural minor scale in the way that guitar players actually use them. Just as you use G major scale notes to play the E minor scale by starting on the 6th degree, you use G major scale chords to play in the key of E minor. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music. Perfect 4th: D is the 4th note of the scale. To play it, you’ll fret the first note in the scale (A), which can be found on the 5th fret of this string. There are six notes in the A minor blues scale:-- A-- C-- D-- D#-- E-- G. The intervals that make up the minor blues scale are the same in any key. The chord structure for the minor scale is the same for all keys. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. Let me walk you through it by spelling out a C major scale to the A an octave above the 6th degree. That’s because there are other minor scales and there’s a list in the “Closing Thoughts” section. I n this lesson I will teach you how to learn Major scales on guitar (and memorize / remember them) over the entire guitar fretboard. ; Put your 3rd finger on the 2nd fret of the 3rd string; Strum only the highest five strings. The root notes are always A tones. The minor CAGED system is a great way to map out minor chords, arpeggios and scales across the guitar fretboard. The minor pentatonic scale is a basic five note scale used in blues and rock music, and can be used for lead guitar riffs and soloing played over minor chord progressions. The A Minor Blues Scale contains the following notes:. Let’s begin on the 5th string, 3rd fret: Whole step between A and B (5th string, open to the 2nd fret), Half step between B and C (5th string, 2nd fret to the 3rd fret), Whole step between C and D (5th string, 3rd to the 5th fret), Whole step between D and E (5th string, 5th to the 7th fret), Half step between E and F (5th string, 7th to the 8th fret), Whole step between F and G (5th string, 8th to the 10th fret), Whole step between G and A (5th string, 10th to the 12th fret). On the guitar, using the basic A Minor chord position shown in the picture, these notes arrive in this order: E, A, E, B, C and E. If you’d like to get a more secure feel for the theory behind the practice of music making, our blog has a helpful set of music theory … The root notes are always A tones. The chords associated with the A minor scale are A minor, B diminished, C major, D minor, E minor, F major, G major. TL:DR … In other words, every note in the scale is associated with a chord. Well, let’s start with the C major scale. Minor 7th: G is the 7th note of the scale. In written music, relative major and minor keys actually share the same key signature. List of All Natural Minor Scales with Notes, Diatonic Triads, & Relative Majors. ‘Penta' means five and ‘tonic' means note, so ‘Minor Pentatonic Scale' really just means ‘Minor Five-Note Scale'. It helps you to visualize how chords and scales are connected and allows you to move more freely up and down the neck. Scale 1: The Minor Pentatonic Scale. Just as you use G major scale notes to play the E minor scale by starting on the 6th degree, you use G major scale chords to play in the key of E minor. Music in the key of A minor may use melodic minor but you will not find a G# and/or F# in the key at the beginning of the piece. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. The B note would be the root note fret for the B minor pentatonic and so on. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative major.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. The root note fret is the A note for the A minor pentatonic scale. You find the root of the natural minor scale. The above exercises are designed to help you understand the concept of whole steps, half steps, and the natural minor scale formula. By helping UG you make the world better... and earn IQ Suggest correction If you are playing in the key of G major like above, you can also solo in the key of E minor because they share the same notes. If you already know about the minor blues scale and would just like to know how to play it in five positions as well as the open position of A, read on. by . The chord chart below lists the common triad and four note extended chords belonging to the key of A natural minor. They’re songs that cover a range of topics, themes and ideas. * Consider combining the Dorian Blues scale and the Minor Bebop for a 9-note scale: 1-9-#9-3-4-♭5-5-13-♭7. The illustration below, shows the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale. You can use this scale: Over any song which is in a minor key. The harmonic minor scale is one of several minor guitar scales that can be used in improvisation. Next, let begin the natural minor by starting the scale on A. Author’s note: When we simply say “minor” we are referring to the natural minor scale. The A minor scale is a 7-note, diatonic scale made up of the notes A, B, C, D, E, F, & G. It’s the only minor scale that doesn’t contain any sharps or flats. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. The scales I use the most are: The major & minor pentatonic; The blues scale; The major scale and the Dorian, Mixolydian and Aeolian \ natural minor modes. The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. by . Ask Patmac [ March 20, 2017 ] LRT-033 Double-Stop Riff Licks, Riffs, and Tricks [ February 28, 2017 ] LRT-032 ii-V-I Modal Lick Licks, Riffs, and Tricks Here, we’re gonna compare different minor scales and the diatonic chords that they create. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Clicking here and on the image below will open a PDF file of the Guitar Major Scale Chart that prints nicely. Scale - Harmonic Minor 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7 5-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E We’ve tabbed out this guitar scales chart for … The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. If you’re familiar with rock or blues music, you have definitely heard this scale. For instance, Pattern 1 will correspond to a C chord. A – C – D – Eb – E – G. For a complete lesson on the Minor Blues Scale, read this lesson.. Hit "Go" to see the result. These 5 positions are all one and the same natural minor scale but played in different shapes and areas on the fretboard to give you the freedom to play the scale all over the neck and improvise without restrictions. Two ways of playing the A natural minor scale on guitar are shown below: A Natural Minor Scale Guitar. The chord that resolves to the tonic the best is formed from the 5th (V) degree of the scale. We use the term relative because the keys are related and share the same key signature. Over a 12 bar blues. Till next time. The essential guide to complete fretboard mastery at Udemy, This website earns advertising commissions. Think of the minor pentatonic scale as the smaller brother of the minor scale. This guitar neck shows the notes of the minor pentatonic scale. The chord structure for the minor scale is the same for all keys. The A Major is a seven-note scale. Each scale includes the notes, diatonic triads within in the key, and the relative major.Use this list alongside the circle of fifths to help yourself understand and memorize scales and their relationships with one another. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music. Knowing how to play guitar scales will make you a better lead/solo player as well as give you the edge on chords. A Major scale for guitar. These intervals are: A whole step and a half step, a whole step, a half step, a half step, a whole step and a half step, and a whole step. If you need to brush up on that concept then now would be a good time to review that article. Not only does it sound great, pentatonic scales are also easy to learn. The Harmonic Minor Scale is slightly different from a major scale, a natural minor scale and a mode, as it doesn’t natural exist in terms of the piano white notes. If you need to brush up on that concept then now would be a good time to review that article. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. The Major/Minor Relationship. In musical terms we say that the scales are relative to each other. So the A minor scale is made up of the same notes as C major, and so the two can in certain situations end up blurred. In simple terms, every major key has a minor key that is formed using the same notes. by Tommaso Zillio. We were at the 6th degree of the C major scale which is A and we’re going to keep the same notes from the C major scale except that the A is now the root of the natural minor. If you have watched the last few frames in the animation above you can see that the F# minor scale has exactly the notes as an A major scale. Scale - Pentatonic Minor 1,b3,4,5,b7 FULL-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E Perfect 5th: E is the 5th note of the scale. Building and Playing the Minor Scale on Guitar. Recap of my chords and scales for guitar. The following five patterns are based on the CAGED system and are the foundation for scale playing. A pentatonic scale is a scale that has 5 notes per octave. The reason we learn scales is that they are groups of notes that sound really good together that we can use to make up solos (as in lead guitar) and melodies. Pattern 1. play notes. Guitar neck. The reason that this chord is the best is because it contains the leading note (7th degree). Professional guitarist, instructor, producer and published author songwriting, improvisation and changing and. Help you understand the concept of whole steps, and now makes it sound great, scales... Minor ” we are referring to the tonic the best is formed from 5th! To it there is a companion to that “ Beginner ’ s learn how to play Melodic. The neck scale are C, D, Eb, F, G a. Are related and share the same as playing only in major keys now would be root... Your 2nd finger on the guitar appear is always 3 frets behind root! Are moveable up and down the guitar is simply a matter of the. Up and down the neck ) scales tend to be Cm, Fm, G ( major,... Review that article let me walk you through it by spelling out a C major scale has 5 per. Scales contain the EXACT same notes but in a variety of styles of music lives. 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